Nd : Phoebe The eastern phoebe (Sayornis phoebe) is a small passerine bird. Man-made structures as substitute nest sites have greatly facilitated their expansion across North America. These birds will linger well into the fall, some will even attempt overwintering, shifting their diet to small fruits during fall winter and early spring. Autumn adult has light yellowish wash on the underparts. Back to top Members of this diverse group make up more than half of the bird species worldwide. Eastern Phoebe habitat, behavior, diet, migration patterns, conservation status, and nesting. Eastern Phoebe occurs in wooded or partly wooded habitats, almost always near rivers or streams, and along forest edges. Female always initiates copulation, only in the morning, during the male’s pre-dawn song. DIET: Eastern Phoebe’s call is a sharp, clear “chip” or “tsyp”. Eastern phoebes were the first birds to be banded in North America. Eastern Phoebe feeds primarily on insects, such as flying insects, wasps, ants, flies, and wild bees. The flycatchers are the only suboscine passerines found in North America north of Mexico. John James Audubon marked one in 1804, with a silver wire on the leg, and recorded its return the following year. Nest: Mud and moss, lined with grasses, hair and feathers, under a bridge, deck or in a cave entrance; holds two to six white eggs. Eastern Phoebe Information. Territorial disputes break out in the breeding season, involving vocalizations and chases, but rarely physical contact. BEHAVIOUR: Eastern Phoebe is monogamous and may raise two broods per season. Wingspan: 10-1/2 inches. Flycatchers are named for their foraging style. Even at this time, contact is only made during copulation; at other times, the male which attempts contact is aggressively rebuffed by female. Best of all, its gentle tail-wagging habit and soft fee-bee song make the Phoebe easy to identify, unlike many flycatchers. Eastern Phoebe has very black bill, eyes and legs, and long tail. It has relatively dark brown hood, wings and tail, offering a contrast with the dull brown of the remainder of the upperparts, and mostly fairly pure white underparts. When is alighted on a perch, Eastern Phoebe sweeps its tail widely up and down, and then side to side. Eastern Phoebe is very tolerant of human presence. Common prey include wasps, beetles, dragonflies, butterflies and moths, flies, midges, and cicadas; they also eat spiders, ticks, and millipedes, as well as occasional small fruits or seeds. All : Weißbauch-Phoebetyrann Easter phoebe is often sat in upright manner on exposed perches. Ital : Febo orientale Most have a distinct, upright posture and a slight crest. It may eat some fruit and few seeds, when insects are less abundant. However their brains are relatively large and their learning abilities are greater than those of most other birds. Roland Jordahl Roland Jordahl Eastern Phoebe. Eastern Phoebe’s nest is strongly parasitized by brown-headed cowbird. VOICE: SOUNDS BY XENO-CANTO It’s a highly territorial bird. After pair is formed, female chooses the nest site and builds the nest alone, while the male is near her, guarding its mate. Their song is innate, and does not contain a learned component. They have small feet as they do not typically walk or run on the ground. View full list of Washington State's Species of Special Concern. They often build over old eggs or dead young. If you find the information on BirdWeb useful, please consider supporting Seattle Audubon. Nest is always built with cover overhead (bridges, buildings). They sit quietly on a perch and dart out to grab a flying insect from the air, and then return to their perch to wait for the next meal to fly by. Incubation lasts about 16 days, by female, and the male does not feed her while she incubates. Juvenile shows two weak buffy wing bars and has more obvious yellow wash on underparts and browner tinge above. REPRODUCTION: It may eat some fruit and few seeds, when insects are less abundant. Also spiders, millipedes, and ticks. No recurrent courtship has been documented. Its most active period is the morning. Young can breed in their first year. Both sexes are similar, but male is larger and darker than female. Diet: Flying insects including wasps, flying ants, and bees. The breast sides are dusky. They eat also invertebrates such as grasshoppers, spiders, hair worms from the water, and small fishes and crustaceans in shallow water. Though the eastern phoebe is common and widespread throughout eastern North America, it has relatively drab plumage and is often overlooked. Despite its plain appearance, this flycatcher is often a favorite among eastern birdwatchers. Unlike most passerines found in North America, flycatchers are suboscines. HABITAT: Males perform flight display, circling and diving while singing. Fr: Moucherolle phébi Phoebe is an alternative name for the Roman moon-goddess Diana, but it may also have been chosen to imitate the bird's call. Sd : Grå fibi, Photographs by Bob Moul Its migrations follow the insect emergence. Both parents feed the young. Passerine birds are divided into two suborders, the suboscines and the oscines. RANGE: Length: 7 inches. Oscines are capable of more complex song, and are considered the true songbirds. Length: 5.5 - 7" Breeding Habitat: Nests in farmyards, under bridges, in culverts, in rock outcroppings, and under eaves of buildings. Eastern Phoebe keeps the same nest and the same mate for two broods. Eastern phoebes can raise their head feathers which will look like a short crest at the rear of their head. They eat also invertebrates such as grasshoppers, spiders, hair worms from the water, and small fishes and crustaceans in shallow water. Flycatchers of the genus. Nest site is located near semi-open woodlands or forest edges, often near running water. The female generally builds the nest, incubates the eggs, and broods the young, although both parents feed the young. It winters from Maryland, West Virginia, and very southern Illinois, and SE Oklahoma, southwards to Florida, the Gulf Coast and E Mexico. Family: Flycatcher. Wingspan: 26-28 cm In Washington, the tyrant flycatchers are the only suboscines; the remaining 27 families are oscines. Eastern Phoebe breeds from SE Yukon and NE British Columbia, eastwards to Nova Scotia and S Quebec, southwards to C Texas, N Mississippi, and C Georgia. Song is a harsh, emphatic “fee-be”, with the second syllable harshest, rasping, or with a stuttered whistler second note “fee-b-be-bee”. The genus name Sayornis is constructed from the specific part of Charles Lucien Bonaparte's name for Say's phoebe, Muscicapa saya, and Ancient Greek ornis, "bird".
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