A plurality or majority of the other official groups reside in the West. Suggested Grade Level: 8–12. A State-by-State Look at Growing Minority Populations, American Indian/Alaska Native Non-Hispanic: 0.7 percent. Race and Ethnicity by Place in Texas There are 1,747 places in Texas. 2003 claim a figure of 42%.). Tribal members might care for mixed-race children of white fathers, but considered them outside the hereditary clan and kinship fundamental to tribal society. Today the largest self-identified Asian American sub-groups according to census data are Chinese Americans, Filipino Americans, Indian Americans, Vietnamese Americans, Korean Americans, and Japanese Americans, among other groups.. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN – Universe: TOTAL POPULATION", US Census Bureau 2011 American Community Survey B03001 1-Year Estimates HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN, "Salvadorans Overtaking Cubans As Third-Largest Hispanic Group In The U.S.", "How the U.S. Hispanic population is changing", "UNITED STATES POPULATION PROJECTIONS BY RACE AND HISPANIC ORIGIN: 2000 TO 2050", "B02001. Minorities account for the majority of the population in only four states, but that's set to soon change. When responding to the race question on the census form, each person is asked to choose from among the same racial categories as all Americans, and are included in the numbers reported for those races..  This group constitutes the smallest minority in the United States. Indigenous peoples of the Americas, particularly Native Americans, made up 0.8% of the population in 2008, numbering 2.4 million. The latter region is home to 42% of Hispanic and Latino Americans, 46% of Asian Americans, 48% of American Indians and Alaska Natives, 68% of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, 37% of the "two or more races" population (Multiracial Americans), and 46% of those self-designated as "some other race". Census Designated Ethnicities: Hispanic or Latino origin, Ethnicity, national origin, and cultural groups (generally not mentioned in census data), Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders.  This is their largest share of any state. Even if such categories were earlier understood as racial categories, today they have begun to represent ethno-linguistic categories (regardless of perceived race). The federal government requires individuals to certify documented blood quantum of ancestry for certain federal programs, such as education benefits, available to members of recognized tribes. The ancestry of the people of the United States of America is widely varied and includes descendants of populations from around the world. On average, less than 5% of African residents self-reported as "African-American" or "Afro-American" on the 2000 US Census. , Their histories are diverse.  Following consultations with MENA organizations, the US Census Bureau announced in 2014 that it would establish a new MENA ethnic category for populations from the Middle East, North Africa and the Arab world, separate from the "white" classification that these populations had previously sought in 1909.  In the 2000 census, self-identified German Americans made up 17% of the U.S. population, followed by Irish Americans at 12%, as reported in the 2000 U.S. Census. , Black and African Americans are citizens and residents of the United States with origins in Sub-Saharan Africa. This first major wave of immigration consisted predominantly of Chinese and Japanese laborers, but also included Korean and South Asian immigrants.  But, the Census takes reporting by individuals as to how they identify. population. A Murky Distinction Grows Still Murkier", "B02012. It is home to half of the 450,000 Navajo Nation members. [verification needed] Non-Hispanic Whites make up 79% of the Midwest's population, the highest ratio of any region. Generally, the degree of mixed heritage increases the longer one's ancestors have lived in the United States (see melting pot).  The majority of the population (55%) lives in the South; compared to the 2000 Census, there has also been a decrease of African Americans in the Northeast and Midwest. Approximate Time Required: 60–75 minutes. About this project. For additional county-level U.S. maps on a wide range of ethnic and nationality groups, visit the, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 01:30.  Native Hawaiians are receiving ancestral land reparations. The least populous of the compared places has a population of 383,899. For nearly three centuries, the criteria among whites for membership in these groups were similar, comprising physical appearance, assumption of non-European ancestry, and social circle. (For example, if not born into slavery, Thomas Jefferson's children by his slave Sally Hemings would have been classified as legally white, as they were 7/8 white by ancestry. Nationally, the largest racial demographic groups as of 2017 were: Separately, Hispanics of any race accounted for 18.1 percent of the U.S. population. According to the anthropologist Gerald Sider, such racial designations were a means to concentrate power, wealth, privilege and land in the hands of Whites in a society of White hegemony and privilege (Sider 1996; see also Fields 1990). Regional differences in racial makeup are still quite pronounced, as this map shows.  Additionally, nearly as many individuals identify as having partial Native Hawaiian ancestry, for a total of 829,949 people of full or part Native Hawaiian ancestry.  30.5% identified as "some other race" (other than the ones listed).  However, slavery would persist in the southern states until the end of the American Civil War and the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment. Exclusion laws and policies largely prohibited and curtailed Asian immigration until the 1940s.  Though Middle Eastern American communities can be found in each of the 50 states, the majority live in just 10 states with nearly "one third of the total liv[ing] in California, New York, and Michigan". , The first United States Census in 1790 classed residents as "free white" people (divided by age and sex), "all other free persons" (reported by sex and color), and "slaves". In 2008 15.0 million people, nearly 5% of the total U.S. population, were estimated to be "some other race", with 95% of them being Hispanic or Latino. GOV Daily: News and analysis at the collision of tech and society and fallout consequences for policy, legislation and strategies to govern. Most French Americans are believed descended from colonists of Catholic New France; exiled Huguenots, much fewer in number and settling in the eastern English colonies in the late 1600s and early 1700s, needed to assimilate into the majority culture and have intermarried over generations. The criteria for membership in these races diverged in the late 19th century. In addition, before the Civil War, Virginia and some other states had legal definition of "whiteness" that provided for people being classified as white if no more than 1/8 black. The remaining Hispanics are accounted as follows, first per the PEP: 1.6% American Indian and Alaska Native, 1.5% two or more races, 0.7% Asian, and 0.03% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. The term Hispanic as an ethnonym emerged in the 20th century, with the rise of migration of laborers from Spanish-speaking countries of the western hemisphere to the United States. The least populous of the compared places has a population of 71,732.
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