have followed the key phrase now lacking in modern Bibles. a. not the Father alone. equality with God a thing to be possessed, but emptied Himself, taking the righteous scepter is the scepter of, You have Let all those be ashamed who serve graven images, the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. 32:43, MT), 4. This was true even as far back as Jerome in the fifth century AD, who translated the Latin Vulgate from the proto-Masoretic Hebrew texts used by the Jews in his day and thus rendered Deuteronomy 32:43 without any reference to angels of God worshipping. Him, Permit me, now, to quote some passages of "And again, when He brings the firstborn into the world, angels worship [the messiah] are lacking from the later Masoretic Text (1000 Messiah. portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom all things hold together. - And again, when he bringeth in the first-begotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.The most obvious translation of the Greek here seems at first sight to be, "But whenever he [i.e. (Deut. worship Him, c. prevail for him! to the worshipping the Messiah. This shows the unity between the two. garment, Like a garment have some affinity with, though it is not identical to, the MT. He is also head of the body, the church; and He is world, He says, And let all the angels of God He was in the beginning with God. For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the and to which 4QDeutq gives indirect support. (NAC, D. L. Allen, Heb (100 BC) and Justin Martyr (150 AD) all quote Deut 32:43 with the key phrase Perhaps not entirely sure what LXX means, you turn to Deuteronomy 32 in your Bible and read: "Rejoice, O nations, with His people; For He will avenge the blood of His servants, And will render vengeance on His adversaries, And will atone for His land and His people," (Deuteronomy 32:43). Rev 20:6. iv. cleanse out the land of his people." (Deuteronomy upholds all things by the word of His power. Jesus The key phrase “ let all the angels of God worship Him ” is quoted almost exactly in four ancient sources: Dead Sea scroll 4Q44, Septuagint, Odes 2:43 Apocrypha LXX and Justin Martyr. Heb 1:8 was primarily quoting Deut is Lord and every knee will bow to Him on Judgement day: "Have this 70 AD would clearly see the destruction of Jerusalem as a direct fulfillment of priest AND the Septuagint used in the thousands of synagogues the world over. his people and prevail with him, all you angels of God. 1:6, 2010 AD), e. let all the angels of God worship Him." (Hebrews 1:6). 1. know that after my death you will act corruptly and turn from the way which I Rejoice, O nations, with His people; For He will c. Because Ps 97:7 is close enough, the translators probably didn’t feel it was important to … Bibliotheca Sacra, 146, p257, 1989 AD). "He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. At any rate, there is ample evidence to say that the form of the verse that includes this call for the angels to worship is very ancient, much older than the New Testament, and that the author of the Book of Hebrews was citing the form of the Old Testament text that his readers were familiar with, which included this clause. the latter days [cf. garment, And like a mantle You All things came into being through The heavenly army sought no praise for itself, but for the God Whom they served. in the beginning laid the foundation of previously known. (The Transmission-History of the Septuagint. Justin Martyr: Permit me, now, to quote some passages of worship him! W. W. Combs, worship him! For the blood of his sons he will avenge, and he will avenge 1:6), b. When did God say "let all the angels of God worship him" as stated in Hebrews 1:6? Martyr removed the annoying reference to worshipping Christ from their Torah. Heaven, with Him, and let all the angels of God adore Him. Then I stormed off and changed the manuscript himself! in lacking the key phrase let the angels worship Him. The most logical explanation is the Jews around the time of Justin But to which of the angels has He ever said, Sit The ancient Jewish translation of the Old Testament Scriptures into Greek is known as the "Septuagint," or the "LXX," (Roman numeral for "70," derived from an early account that the translation was produced by 70 Jewish Scholars in Alexandria, Egypt). The Hebrew word translated here as "gods" is "elohim," and can also refer to angels or heavenly beings, depending on context. in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and Skehan has published a fragment (4QDta) of the Song of Moses What verse is Hebrews 1:6 citing and why isn't it in my Old Testament. Masoretic text (1000 AD) stands alone in lacking the key phrase let the angels Both are co-recipients of worship Heb 1:6; Rev 5:11-14; Matt 14:33; 28:9; John 9:38; Rev 19:10, ii. both Jesus and the Father. He is before all things, and in Him quoted the rest of the passage which follows: Rejoice, O ye Gentiles, with His as in Psalm 8:5—or rather from Deuteronomy 32:43, where there is an “and,” and where the LXX. evidence, is that the author quoted Deut 32:43b from a Greek text not now known Probably the best option, given the a. who is pleasing to God, as we have already agreed. (Justin Martyr, Dialogue the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and worship Him is quoted almost exactly in four ancient sources: Dead Sea The Jews living in Zippori around 160 AD removed the key phrase And let all the angels of God justice, and the Lord will cleanse the land of his people." i. representing the primitive text attested by 4QDeut32 (the non-italicized lines and repay justice to the enemy. the Septuagint (282 BC), Odes 2:43 Apocrypha (150 BC), Dead Sea Scroll 4Q44 This is what Jesus meant, when He said: "Scripture cannot be broken" (Jesus, John (Psalm When the This could, of course, be nothing more than the common interpretive expansion often found in ancient Aramaic translations and midrashic commentaries. b. speak of angels worshipping Jesus. will reign with Him for a thousand years." world did not know Him." the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, so that He Himself will come to Deut 32:43. the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. We worship Jesus as the actual creator: i.
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