The Vatican said that the Pope would meet with each man individually, "allowing each one to speak for as long as they wish.". Saint Katharine Drexel used her personal fortune to fund schools for Native Americans and African Americans. On his way back to Rome, Pope Francis surprised reporters traveling with him regarding his seemingly open stance on gay Catholics. In June 2015, Pope Francis spoke out about the environment. Spanish missionary Juniper Serra established his first U.S. mission in 1769. Ordained as a priest in December 1969, Bergoglio began serving as Jesuit provincial of Argentina in 1973. Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, leads a Mass at the Metropolitan Cathedral in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on Feb. 14, 2013. He spent five days in South Korea in August. In October 2020, Pope Francis expressed his support for same-sex civil unions as seen in the documentary Francisco. Pope Benedict XVI meets Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, the archbishop of Buenos Aires, on Jan. 13, 2007. In choosing to live more simply, Pope Francis broke a tradition that had been upheld by popes for more than a century. He will be known as Pope Francis I. Argentinian Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Archbishop of Buenos Aires, leaves the Synod Hall after the last Congregation, Vatican City, on March 11, 2013. In March 1958, he entered the novitiate of the Society of Jesus. Pope Francis made his first international visit on July 22, 2013, when he arrived at the Galeão-Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. More than three million people attended the pontiff's closing mass at the event. Upon his arrival, Pope Francis delivered a speech in which he asked for forgiveness for the pain caused by some ministers of the church and promised to do his best to make sure such abuse never happened again. He spoke out against global abuses and the misuse of political and economic power, lamenting the disappearances and suspected murders of 43 students in Mexico; the dangers and losses of life caused by immigration; financial mismanagement within the church itself; and sexual abuse. To date, he has beatified more than three dozen people, including Óscar Romero, a priest from El Salvador who was assassinated in 1980 because of his espousal of liberation theology and his activism to protect marginalized people. He is best known for his rigid views on Catholicism and topics such as birth control and homosexuality. After Pope John Paul II's death in April 2005, Bergoglio reportedly received the second-most votes in the 2005 papal conclave; Pope Benedict XVI (Joseph Ratzinger) was chosen as Pope John Paul's successor. Bergoglio, the first pope from the Americas, took his papal title after St. Francis of Assisi of Italy. "Leave behind the self-interest that hardens your heart, overcome the indifference that makes your heart insensitive towards others, conquer your deadly reasoning, and open yourself to dialogue and reconciliation. Newly elected Pope Francis I, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio of Argentina, checks out of the church-run residence March 14, 2013 where he had been staying in Rome. For this reason too, I have decided, notwithstanding anything to the contrary, to concede to all priests for the Jubilee Year the discretion to absolve of the sin of abortion those who have procured it and who, with contrite heart, seek forgiveness for it. Argentine Archbishop Jorge Bergoglio draws the cross on the forehead of a believer during a Mass for Ash Wednesday on Feb. 13, 2013, at the Metropolitan Cathedral in Buenos Aires. Benedict XVI served as pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 2005 to 2013. The Pope wrote about this act of compassion in a letter, stating: “I think in particular of all the women who have resorted to abortion. Throughout late 2014 and into 2015, Pope Francis continued his pattern of deep engagement with both political and environmental conflicts around the world. During a television interview in early December, Pope Francis suggested a small but meaningful change to "Our Father," commonly known as the "Lord's Prayer." Early Life and Education. / … In August 2018, a Pennsylvania grand jury report described the actions of more than 300 "predator priests" and their 1,000-plus underage victims, as well as attempts to cover up their misdeeds. Shortly after the Pope returned to Rome in late January, the Vatican announced that it was dispatching Archbishop Charles Scicluna — the church's "Eliot Ness" of sex abuse investigations—to Chile to look into the issue and "hear those who have expressed the desire to provide elements in their possession.". On March 13, 2013, at the age of 76, Bergoglio was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church — becoming the first citizen from the Americas, the first non-European and first Jesuit priest to be named pope, and adopting the name Pope Francis (he took the title after St. Francis of Assisi of Italy). The Pope also raised the age at which the Vatican considers the subjects of pornographic images to be grouped under child pornography from 14 to 18. That way they are legally covered,” Francis said in the documentary. Her refusal to agree to an annulment of their marriage led to the creation of the Church of England. As a young man, Bergoglio underwent surgery to remove part of one of his lungs due to a serious infection. Normally greeted by adoring crowds, Pope Francis faced hostility ahead of his three-day trip to Chile in January 2018, stemming from lingering anger over his appointment of a bishop accused of covering up sexual abuse by another priest. After expressing support of breastfeeding in public during the annual Holy Mass on the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord in 2017, the Pope made similar comments during the 2018 ceremony. We strive for accuracy and fairness. He is the first pope from the Americas. The archbishop's investigation, which included interviews with dozens of witnesses and produced a 2,300-page report, had a powerful effect on Pope Francis. According to the Catholic News Service, Francis told the crowd that "When man thinks only of himself...[and] permits himself to be captivated by the idols of dominion and power..., [t]hen the door opens to violence, indifference, and conflict. The pontiff held a special vigil in St. Peter's Square on September 7, which was attended by an estimated 100,000 people. The founder of the Order of Poor Ladies, Saint Clare of Assisi was an Italian saint and one of the first followers of Saint Francis of Assisi. However, its conclusion was followed by news that the Pope's financial adviser, Australian Cardinal George Pell, had been convicted of sexually abusing two 13-year-old boys. However, he subsequently angered sexual abuse victims by claiming he had yet to learn of any "proof" of an alleged cover-up by the bishop in question. .I henceforth grant to all priests, in virtue of their ministry, the faculty to absolve those who have committed the sin of procured abortion. In this 1966 photo released by the El Salvador School, Argentine seminarian Jorge Mario Bergoglio smiles for a portrait at the El Salvador school where he taught literature and psychology in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Pope Francis, second right, celebrates his inaugural Mass with cardinals, inside the Sistine Chapel, at the Vatican, on March 14, 2013. "The proposal of the Gospel must be more simple, profound, radiant. The life of Pope Francis Cardinal Jorge Bergoglio of Argentina was elected to lead the Catholic Church following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI. Days later, Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò, the former top Vatican diplomat in the United States, published a letter that accused Pope Francis of covering up reports of sexual abuse by recently resigned Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick of Washington, D.C. After defrocking McCarrick in February 2019, the Pope convened a four-day summit at the Vatican devoted to the longstanding problem of sexual abuse. While in Rio, Pope Francis was on hand to celebrate World Youth Day. In February 1998, he became archbishop of Buenos Aires, succeeding Antonio Quarracino. It is from this proposition that the moral consequences then flow.". In early December 2013, Pope Francis gave an "apostolic exhortation," an address calling for big changes in the Catholic Church, including rethinking long-held but antiquated customs. His decision to crack down on church corruption and excommunicate members of the Mafia were hailed by Catholics and non-Catholics alike, though they also caused him to receive death threats. In September 2015, Pope Francis continued to stir up the status quo in the Catholic Church when he announced that priests around the world will be allowed to forgive the “sin of abortion” during a “year of mercy,” which starts December 8, 2015 and ends November 20, 2016. Bergoglio was elected pope on Wednesday, March 13, 2013, making him the first pope ever from the Americas. He has not shied away from elaborating on those views, and sound bytes such as “Who am I to judge?”, a comment he made referring to homosexuality, have served to portray him as a compassionate conservative whose views are often considered progressive compared to those of his predecessors. In the same way, however, I can and must state that there is no sin that God’s mercy cannot reach and wipe away when it finds a repentant heart seeking to be reconciled with the Father.