And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read even this, what David did, when he was hungry, he, and they that were with him; how he entered into the house of God, and took and ate the showbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat save for the priests alone? Or how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me cast out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? As Summers noted, "In the history of Israel, Amos, for instance, had been condemned while Amaziah was praised.". For there is no good tree that bringeth forth corrupt fruit; nor again a corrupt tree that bringeth forth good fruit. Chapter 6. The agreement here is with Ash who made this "The Sermon on the Plain," and with Boles, who said, "Luke gives a record of the sermon which was repeated at some later time than the record given by Matthew. We often think one half hour a great deal to spend in meditation and secret prayer, but Christ was whole nights engaged in these duties. Wherever Christ is preached, there the hardships of the poor are relieved. But wo, &c. — Here we see that this discourse differs very materially from the sermon on the mount; there our Lord pronounced blessings only, here he denounces curses; or, to speak more properly, he compassionately bewails the condition of persons of a contrary character to that of those pronounced happy in the preceding verses. Even the fullest possible compliance with all Jesus' commands does not earn or merit salvation, which in the last analysis rests upon the gracious mercy of God; but willful disobedience thwarts even that mercy. The false prophets did indeed receive the emoluments which adorned their apostasy: riches, food, entertainment and popularity. But woe unto you that are rich! All Rights Reserved. It is not the appearance of men, but their hearts, which determine their character; and the unfailing guide to what is in men's hearts is their speech. There is strong textual evidence that this should read, "on a second-first sabbath" (English Revised Version (1885) margin); but the prevailing ignorance of what such an expression means has led to the rendition here. "The true sabbath rest," as Lamar said, "is found in him; it begins here in rest for the soul, and ends hereafter in the eternal rest.". In the Matthew parallel (Matthew 12:1-14), it is recorded that the charge was leveled against the disciples; but, of course the Pharisees charged both Jesus and the disciples, the latter for the actual deeds they misconstrued as violations, and Jesus for the actions he permitted and condoned. This sermon was on the "plain," Matthew's on the mountain; here Jesus stood, there he sat. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. They came to be cured by him, and he healed them. If one should take the hope of heaven out of the New Testament, there would be nothing left. Luke 6:27-31 have some of the most difficult teaching ever presented by the Son of God; and it is doubtful that any person has ever been fully confident of living up to the standards here exalted by the holy Saviour. The doctrine of salvation by "faith only" was born during the Reformation when civilization was in the struggle and travail of rebirth from the deadness of the Dark Ages; but, in all ages, the philosophy of merely believing has had its practical adherents. Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. This is the second of the positive injunctions (see under Luke 6:37) related to "judging," thus making this applicable to individuals who might have petitioned for aid or alms, which requests are to be ministered to, not grudgingly, but with overflowing generosity. "Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy." Short-changing the purchaser by making "the ephah small" (Amos 8:5) was condemned by God's prophets; but the great ethic of Christianity condemns short-changing the poor by skimping the measure of alms given. Commentary on Luke 6:12-19 (Read Luke 6:12-19) We often think one half hour a great deal to spend in meditation and secret prayer, but Christ was whole nights engaged in these duties. All else is shifting sand. This is a variation of the same thought of Matthew 5:10-12. The word of Christ alone is the constitution of the church, the ground of eternal hope, the guide of faith, the source of redemption, and the true wisdom of God. To win the everlasting reward, men must do the will of Christ as it is revealed in the New Testament. For a full discussion, see my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 5:39-45. REFUTING THE FALSE CHARGE OF SABBATH BREAKING, Now it came to pass on a sabbath, that he was going through the grainfields; and his disciples plucked the ears, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. It is impossible to know if the term was meant in a religious or patriotic sense here. cit., p. 112. He goes into a mountain to pray, and calls twelve disciples, Luke 6:12-16. And all the multitude sought to touch him; for power came forth from him, and healed them all. for ye shall hunger. The Old Testament plainly taught that the life, even of a beast which had fallen into a pit, could be saved on the sabbath; and Jesus extended the principle, as should have been obvious to the Pharisees, as applicable to men also. Exactly this same truth appears in Mark 10:23, "How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God." Those who have not faithful preaching near them, had better travel far than be without it. Even Ash writes that "their wrong was not theft," requiring the deduction that it was presumably something else; but the disciples did nothing wrong. Multitudes are instructed and healed, Luke 6:17-19. to save a life, or destroy it? He heals the man with the withered hand, Luke 6:6-11. 18, p. 77. Ours is an era when men are screaming demands for their "rights"; but the Christian way includes the renunciation of rights, rather than the violent defense of them. Luke 6:1-5.PLUCKING CORN-EARS ON THE SABBATH. " The viewpoint of this writer is also to the effect that these admonitions are hyperbolic for the purpose of emphasis, the meaning being that the principles of non-resistance to evil, submission to wrongs, and refraining from retaliation should be honored by Christians in whatever situation it is possible to do so. Now there were definitely two first-sabbaths recognized by the Jews: "One at the commencement of the year, which would be called "first-first," and the other at the beginning of the ecclesiastical year, called "second-first.". True morality demands that such conduct wear the label which Jesus branded it, "hypocrisy"! The Golden Rule (Luke 6:31), as stated by Luke, is "As ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise." Further comment on "heaven" is found in my Commentary on Matthew, Matthew 6:9-13. Most of the religious commentators who have addressed themselves to an analysis of this passage have consciously aimed at softening their impact. This sermon has thirty verses in the record; Matthew's has over a hundred. Love your enemies ... Summers noted that: Thus that Christian love of enemies is that which designs and intends what is best for enemies; enemies being, in the sight of God, subject to the invitation of the gospel and prospective heirs of everlasting life. It is indeed worth while to go a great way to hear the word of Christ, and to go out of the way of other business for it.
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