Allport and Ross briefly describe the differences of motives by saying: “Perhaps the briefest way to characterize the two poles of subjective religion is to say that the extrinsically motivated person uses his religion, whereas the intrinsically motivated lives his religion.” (Allport and Ross 434). Behere, P. B., Das, A., Yadav, R., & Behere, A. P. (2013). That something of ultimate reverence could be anything or everything, and in rare cases it is nothing. According to a 2006 review by Moreira-Almeida, LotufoNeto, and Koenig, the majority of research examining the effect of religious involvement supports that “higher levels of religious involvement are positively associated with indicators of psychological well-being (life satisfaction, happiness, positive affect, and higher morale) and with less depression, suicidal thoughts and behavior, drug/alcohol use/abuse.” Consistently, Behere, Das, Yadav, and Behere (2013) indicated similar results: “Many other researchers have produced a large body of research that has usually, but not always, shown a positive association between religious involvement and mental health." Journal of personality and social psychology, 5(4), 432. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 1-12. Social science & medicine, 63(2), 335-346. Affiliation to some religions6 and valuing religion does not tend to result in healing experience of religion,7 rather it’s religious activity,8 involvement9, or attendance that appear to aid individuals on their journey to recovery.10 For example, a 2004 study analyzing the impact of religious practice (worship service attendance), spiritual and religious self-perception, and importance (salience) on depression among Canadians found that while “those who stated spiritual values or faith were important or perceived themselves to be spiritual/religious had higher levels of depressive symptom…more frequent worship service attendees had significantly fewer depressive symptoms.”11, Beyond the data on the topic, religion has a therapeutic effect on mental health by granting individuals valuable coping skills that are accessible “regardless of financial, social, physical, or mental circumstances. At other times, this connection may be less helpful—or even harmful—if it creates … That thing outside of x and y that you use to judge x and y is the hierarchical value system. As a result, they developed two separate ways to categorize religious motivation. This idea does account for quite a few of the religions that we know of today. Religion and Mental Health: the connection between faith and delusion It seems that when it comes the mental health, religion is a double-edged sword. In a 2007 research brief for the Institute for American Values, W. Bradford Wilcox, Linda J. Waite, and Alex Roberts summarize the vast body of research on marriage and mental health to show that on average, married men and women exhibit better emotional and psychological well-being, and lower rates of substance abuse, depression, and suicide, than single or divorced individuals. "The association between spiritual and religious involvement and depressive symptoms in a Canadian population." Disorders such as A.D.H.D., Anxiety, and depression are often thrown around by any sixteen years old who have heard of the name Freud. Religion is a belief that one thing is more important than everything else and has a system by which it can assign importance. According to the study: Most studies have also found a positive association between religiosity and other factors associated with well-being such as optimism and hope (12 out of 14 studies), self-esteem (16 out of 29 studies, but only one with a negative association), sense of meaning and purpose in life (15 out of 16 studies), internal locus of control, social support (19 out of 20) and being married or having higher marital satisfaction (35 out of 38).4, What is more, congruent findings were determined by a 2015 review examining over 3000 scholarly articles for the International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience, which found a “positive effect” of religion/spirituality on a variety of health outcomes, including: “minor depression, faster recovery from depressive episodes, lower rates of suicide, less use, abuse and substance dependence, greater well-being, and self-reported happiness.”5, Notably, the research on the topic specifies that not all forms of religiosity (i.e. Known for his scholarly work and his scientific analyses of religion’s role in mental health, he served as editor-in-chief of the “APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion and Spirituality” published in January 2013. 2. September 2014 - Volume 27 - Issue 5 - p 358–363. A mentally healthy individual is not an individual who does not have any mental illness. Similarly, research published in 2006 found that there is an overwhelming positive relationship between religiosity and numerous measures of emotional well-being. The American Psychiatric Association (2006), the American Psychological Association (2007), the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2012), the Royal College of Psychiatrists (2011), and the World Psychiatric Association (Verhagen & Cook, 2010). Charlottesville, VA 22902. 2006;28 São Paulo 2006 Epub Aug 10. Meaning the most significant factor in a believer’s prejudice was not, that they were religious, but what their motive for being religious was. Check Out The New Low Prices In The Store! Mental well-being, as defined by the father of positive psychology, Martin Seligman. 1. 6. Interested in learning more about the work of the Institute for Family Studies?
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