The goal was to encourage settlement, solidify Union control of the trans-Mississippi West, … ...In the nineteenth century, the great nation of America that had been so successfully founded and developed by its united citizens was threatened by civil war. American History Because California appeared to have anti-slavery inclinations, southern democrats were reluctant to let it enter the Union and disrupt the sectional balance in Congress. With this willing and cheap workforce, the North did not require a slave system. The Louisiana Purchase was economically beneficial and generally cemented the union. The institutions negative impact on the South, and even the entire nation would eventually lead to the civil war. To satisfy southern states already threatening session, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Many of the first American migrants had come to the West in search of quick profits during the mid-century gold and … 10, No. This would encourage white farmers to move west and implied that slavery was not an institution that should stretch far beyond its borders. AMH 2010 These tensions that made compromise impossible centered mostly on the issue of slavery, and the zeal that many people had in defending their own view of slavery. country’s main concern was growth, but with growth came the expansion of As Missouri prepared to enter the Union as a Slave State, this tentative balance threatened to come undone. As Missouri prepared to enter the Union as a Slave State, this tentative balance threatened to come undone. importance of compromise in the pre-civil war era. Slavery created an oligarchy of which a small aristocracy of slave-owners would dominate political, economic, and social affairs of both races. AMH 2010 question was if to allow this move with slavery or not. attempt in finding an answer and a solution to the continued battle of slavery. As the 20th century began, that growth continued. The resulting Compromise of 1850 was supposed to ensure that the interests of both sides remained intact. David M. Kennedy, Thomas A. Bailey, and Lizabeth Cohen, The American Pageant (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006), 247. what they wanted. The Southern states advocated for the expansion of slave labor, while citizens of the North sought the containment of slavery to the South. During the early 1800’s (1800-1823) the Louisiana Purchase and Treaty of 1818 increased national unity. We have reached the period of westward expansion after looking at the Civil War and then reconstruction. The federal government also provided for the expansion of railroads westward through the Pacific Railroad Act. It was passed by the United States Congress as part of The Compromise of 1850. In Europe, large numbers of factory workers formed a... ...invest money. James Oakes: Emancipation and the Question of Agency, Reconstructing Approaches to America’s Indian Problem. In this compromise, the North advocates gained the admission of California and the South had no states ready for admission. Unfortunately, it required that the federal government move Native Americans from their homes. Help us continue to bring you the best of the archives... without the dust! This westward expansion did not come without a price. 6 As a result, it never passed and the issue of slavery in westward territories remained a topic of heated debate. The Railroads considerably, shortened the time it took to travel west.
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